Salidago canadensis | Canada Goldenrod
Canada Goldenrod, also known as Canadian Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod, Meadow Goldenrod, and Tall Goldenrod, is an herbaceous perennial in the daisy family that is found in much of Canada and the US, except for the southernmost states. Some view it as a wildflower, while others only see it only as an invasive weed. Generally speaking, Canada Goldenrod plants are tall and slim with fluffy golden flower spikes, however due to its wide distribution, there are several varieties causing variation in the size, leaf and flower description.
Plants have a branching, cascading clusters of small yellow flowers that appear in late summer into fall. Goldenrod has a reputation as a weed because of its rapid growth rate and its ability to spread aggressively via underground rhizomes.
Grow Goldenrod in naturalized areas or meadows, in pollinator gardens or native gardens. It requires very little maintenance and can tolerate a wide variety of growing conditions. Any maintenance that is need usually comes from trying to prevent the plants from spreading where you don’t want them. A simple solution is to grow your plants in pots or in a garden bed with barriers to contain the underground rhizomes. Cut off the spent flower heads if you want to stop them from dispersing seeds. Otherwise, you can leave the flower heads on to serve as food for wildlife.
Attracts a variety of pollinating insects, including butterflies, making it the perfect addition to a butterfly garden.
It is a common misconception that Goldenrod is responsible for folks allergies, but it’s not. Allergies are more likely to come from ragweed, which is unrelated.
Sun exposure: Full sun
Mature height: 2-4 ft
Mature width: 2-3 ft
Hardiness zones: 3-9