Capsicum annuum | Cayenne Pepper
30,000- 50,000 Scoville
Cayenne pepper plants are a flowering and fruit producing plant in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Cayenne Peppers are also known as guinea spice, cow horn peppers, aleva or bird peppers, but are more commonly referred to as red pepper in its powdered form, which is commonly used to flavor food in a variety of cuisines and medicinally. Commonly made into relishes, or pickled, or ground into a fine powder for use as a spice.
Cayenne Pepper plants produce 5-6 inch attractive thin-walled bright red fruits when ripe. Stays red when dried. Flavor is sweet and hot. Matures early and produces high yields. Widely adapted. Grown as tender summer annuals in most areas outside their native habitat. Seeds are best propagated indoors or in a greenhouse. It is recommended to transplant outdoors when soil temperatures reach 60 F or warmer. Plants become woody as the growing season progresses. Flowers are small with five white petals. Mature around 75 days from transplant.
Sun exposure: Full sun
Mature height: 2-4 ft
Mature width: 1-2 ft
Hardiness zones: 10-12